The other and by the far the most important advantage of programming is that you will be able to understand exploit codes and even learn to write them too, Though there are softwares which have made the process of exploit writing much simpler, but you still need to have a solid grasp of programming languages in order to know how the exploits work.
Now that you have understood the importance of learning programming languages, You might be asking yourself “where to began”, “Which programming language” should I began learning with, Don’t worry, I have seen these types of questions asked a lot in various hacking communities and forums, The answer to these questions is that it depends on your interest.
Now if you are interested in webhacking subject, subject then I would recommend you to learn the following languages:
1. HTML – Start with Html if you don’t know it
3. SQL Databases – You should learn to work with databases, which will help you to understand the fundamentals of SQL Injection attacks which will be also explained later in this book when we come to the Web Application hacking chapter.
4. PHP – Learning PHP should be your one of your first priorities if you want to understand the mechanisms behind the web hacking attacks. I would recommend you to learn it as soon as possible.
Exploit writing is a very difficult segment in hacking as it requires pure programming knowledge, which is why I will not recommend you to start with exploit writing, Exploits are/can be coded in almost any programming language e.g C/C++, Python, Perl etc, but more than 50% of the exploits you will find on the web will be coded in C/C++ languages because they were present before any one of other languages. Languages such as C and C++ are considered as programming languages where as languages such as ruby, perl and python are considered more as scripting languages.
I would recommend you to start with C languages and then to C++, C/C++ have lots of similarities, so if you could get a good grasp on any one of them you can learn the other one easily.
Talking about scripting languages, I would recommend you to start with Ruby, Ruby is one of my most favorite programming language as it’s purely objected oriented which means that everything you work on is an object. Ruby is really useful when it comes to exploit writing, Ruby is used for coding meterpreter scripts and what could be more better that the Metasploit framework itself was coded in ruby language.
Python is also a very useful programming language, it can also be used for exploit writing, If you go for python first then make sure that you learn Python socket programming as it will help you a lot in the exploit creation process.
Talking about PERL, it’s also used widely for exploit writing, you will find lots of exploits out there written in PERL, but the problem is that perl is really difficult compared to other languages such as ruby and python, so I would recommend you to learn it at the very end.
Reverse engineering is an act of tampering softwares, applications to make them work out way, If you are interested in reverse engineering and software cracking stuffs then you would surely need to learn Assembly language.
Reverse Engineering Tutorials:
- Reverse Engineering Tutorial For Newbies
- Reverse Engineering Tutorial For Newbies - Part 2
- Reverse Engineering Tutorial For Newbies - Part 3
If you are serious about learning to code in assembly then I would recommend you to read jeff Duterman’s “Assembly Language Step-by-step” book.
This concludes our chapter “Hacking And Programming”, One thing I would like to point out that learning 10 different programming languages is not a big deal but mastering a one is surely very difficult, Consider picking up a programming language to learn and make sure that you keep practicing it.